Obesity: Symptoms of Obesity/Juvenile Onset Obesity/ Adult-onset Obesity are discussed below
What is Obesity?
Obesity may define as an abnormal growth of the adipose tissue due to an enlargement of fat cell size (Hypertrophic Obesity) or an Increase in fat cell number (Hyperplastic) or a combination of both.
Obesity is often expressed in term of body mass index (BMI). Overweight is a condition where the body weight is 10 – 20 % higher than the mean standard weight for age, height & sex. Overweight is due to obesity but can arise from other causes such as abnormal muscle development or fluid retention.
Usually, obesity is due to positive energy balance that is the intake of Calorie is more than the expenditure of calorie. Obesity is a chronic disease.
Symptoms of Obesity
In obesity some symptoms are prominent.
- Large Body Frame.
- Difficulties are doing daily activity
- Disproportionate facial features
- Breast regional adiposity
- Big Belly, sometimes marked with white or purple blemishes
- Male external genitalia may appear disproportionally small
- Early arrival of puberty
- Flabby fat in the upper arms and thighs
- Knock-knee is common
What is Juvenile Onset Obesity?
Juvenile obesity occurs due to hyperplasia and most rapidly in the first few years of life. In this obesity increase in the adipose tissue cells – thus the term hyperplastic obesity is used. Too many calories injected in infancy and early childhood leads to an overproduction of fat cells followed by hypertrophy (enlarge of the fat cell).
The incidence of childhood obesity relates strongly to family variables, including parental obesity, small family size.
It appears most frequently in the first year of life at 5-6 years of age and during adolescence. Psychological disturbance, glucose intolerance, sleep apnea are increasingly identified in obese children and adolescents.
What do you mean by Adult onset Obesity?
In adult-onset obesity (Hypertrophic obesity) the size of the individual cell is greatly enlarged. A distended adipose cell leads to further psychological, biochemical, anatomic, aberration in individual’s organs and organ system. Hypertrophic obese patients have been reported to maintain weight loss better hyperplasic once.
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