Low Calorie or Low Energy Diet for Obesity
Low-Calorie Diet for Obese
The diet Provides fewer calories than the total energy, requirements for the day, thus it provides for depletion of body fat. It is used in case of obesity, cardiac disturbance, and hypertension in an overweight individual.
Low Calorie or Low Energy Diet for Obesity principle
- A diet providing 200-800 kcal are classified as very low-calorie diets(VLCD).
- VLCD can be used safely in extremely obese individual (>50% overweight) under the case of a physician and registered dieticians.
- The person should be put in negative energy balance ideally 500-1000 kcal less than RDA.
- Calorie recommended can be determined from actual food intake.
- Reducing excessive food source of fat and sugar can dramatically reduce calories for many overweight people.
About 20 kcal/kg body weight is given for a sedentary active worker.
0.8-1.0 gm/ kg body weight of the protein is given for tissue repair and SDA.
Restricted amount of Carbohydrate is given, so high carbohydrate content food like potato, rise are restricted.
fat rich foods are restricted or avoided, such as oil, nut etc. No fat or lo fat is preferred.
All essential vitamin are given but fat-soluble vitamin A and D especially gave, as fat restricted.
Sodium is restricted and calcium is helpful to reduce body weight and maintain body’s ability.
Liberal amounts of fluid are preferred. A glass of water before a meal is helpful to cut down food intake.
High amount of fibre is preferred, because-
- They are low in calorie density
- Green vegetable provides vitamin and mineral.
- Gives satiety.
- Reduced blood cholesterol.
- Regular bowel movements.
The following foods should be avoided-
- Sweets, chocolates, juggery, jam, preserves are pudding, cake etc.
- Roots and tubers.
- Fried foods.
- Dried fruits and nuts.
- Alcoholic drinks and soft drinks unless they contain artificial sweetening agents instead of sugar.
- Fruit like banana, custard apples etc.