Some Health Risk of Obesity:
Bone and Cartilage Degeneration:
Obesity is an important risk factor for osteoarthritis in most joints, especially at the knee joint. A recent study shows that obesity is a strong determinant of thumb base osteoarthritis in both sexes.
Coronary Heart Disease:
Obesity carries a penalty of an associated adverse cardiovascular risk profile. Largely as a consequence of this, it is associated with an excess occurrence of cardiovascular disease morbidity and mortality.
Being overweight is a significant risk factor for gallstone. In such cases, the Liver over-produces cholesterol, which is then delivered into the bile causing it to become supersaturated.
High Blood Pressure:
There are multiple reasons why obesity causes hypertension, but it seems that excess adipose tissue secretes substances that are acted on by the kidneys, resulting in hypertension. With obesity, there are generally higher amounts of insulin produced. Excess insulin elevated blood pressure.
High Total Cholesterol and High level of triglycerides:
Primary dyslipidemia related to obesity is characterized by increased triglycerides, decreased HDL level, and abnormal LDL composition.
Obesity can also cause respiratory problems. Breathing is difficult as the lungs are decreased in size and the chest wall becomes very heavy and difficult to live.
Obesity has been found to be linked to sleep apnea. Also, weight reduction was associated with comparable reduction in the severity of sleep apnea.
Rising obesity rates have been linked to more strokes among women aged 35 to 40.
Type 2 Diabetes:
One of the strongest risk factors for type 2 diabetes is obesity, and this is also one of the most modifiable as it can be partially controlled through diet and exercise.