What is Breast Cancer?
breast cancer type/risk factor
When cells of the breast are multiplying uncontrollably. It is the excessive cell growth. These cells usually form a tumor.
Types of Breast Cancer
Mainly two types of Breast cancer are noted
- Non – Invasive Breast cancer
- Invasive Breast Cancer
Non – Invasive Breast Cancer:
Non – Invasive Breast cancer is not able to spread in other parts of the body or Breast. Ductile Carcinoma in Situ is a type of Non – Invasive breast cancer. In this stage, the cancer cell is prominent inside the milk duct. If it’s not treated, the cell may develop and spread.
Invasive Breast Cancer
Most breast cancers are invasive. This cancer can able to spread to other parts of the body. Invasive ductile breast cancer is the most common type of breast cancer in the present day.
Risk factors for Breast cancer
The actual causes of breast cancer are unknown, but some risk factors make it prominent.
The chances of breast cancer increase with age. Most breast cancers diagnosed after age 50.
If your close relative has or has had breast cancer than the risk of breast cancer is higher. Mutation of certain genes such as BRCA1 and BRCA2 is responsible for breast cancer. TP53 is another gene that is linked to a greater breast cancer risk.
3. Certain breast changes:
If you’ve been diagnosed with certain benign breast condition, you may have a higher risk of breast cancer
American women or white women are more likely to develop breast cancer than African women or Black women.
5. Over Weight:
Overweight or obese women have a higher risk of getting breast cancer than normal weight or underweight women.
6. Early Menstrual Period:
The girl who started Menstrual cycle before age of 11 or 12 is exposed to hormonal imbalance, raising the risk of breast cancer by a little amount.
7. Pregnancy History:
Women who have not had a full-term pregnancy or have their first child after age of 31 have more risk of breast cancer compared to women who gave birth before 30.
8. Breast Feeding History:
Women who continue their breastfeeding more than one year are the lower risk of breast cancer compared to who continue breastfeeding their child less then one year.
Research shows that smoking increases the risk of breast cancer.
10. Taking Oral Contraceptive:
Some oral contraceptive pills have been found to raise breast cancer risk.