What type of Behavioral modification should be taken in Obesity?
Behavioral modification focuses on restricting a Patients environment. That behavior or habit that contributes to obesity.
Basic Principle Behavioral Modification in Obesity:
Food behavior is noted in many human experience and association as well as environmental situation. Behavior-oriented therapy is designed to help obese people. Change patterns that contribute to excessive weight, such as excess food and eating, as well as lack of exercise.
Overweight individuals can plan constructive action to meet their personal health goal.
Basic Strategies and action:
A programme of personal behavior modification for weight management is directed towards the following –
- Control of eating behavior (When, Why, Where and how)
- Promotion of physical activity to increase energy output.
- Emotional, social and psychological health
According to Berkel et, al. 2005 nutrition and the physical activity are the key components of typical behavioral modification programme include self-monitoring, goal setting, stimulus control, problem-solving, congenital restricting and relapse prevention.
Self-monitoring with daily records of plan and time of food intake as well as accompanying thought and feeling helps identify the physical and emotional setting in which eating occurs.
Goal Setting –
Most behavioral programmes try to achieve 0.5 to 1 kg weight loss per week by providing calories fats (gm) and physical activity target and self-efficacy is an important concept should increase the number of minutes of walking on weakness.
Stimulus Control –
Stimulus control involves modification of –
- The setting or the chain of events that proceed eating.
- The kind of food consumed when eating does occur.
- The consequence of eating.
It is a process for defining the eating or weight problem, generation possible solution, evaluating the solution, choosing the best one, implementing the new behavior, evaluating the outcome and the re-evaluating alternative solution.
Congenital restricting –
It teaches patients to identify challenge and correct the negative thought that frequently undermine their efforts for weight management.