Banana: Health benefits with Nutritive value and all facts about banana
Banana: Health benefits with Nutritive value and all facts about banana: The banana, along with mango and jackfruit, is considered as the tastiest of fruits in the whole world. Cultivated Banana is botanically named as Musa paradisiaca. Musa is derived from the Arab Mouza; chitiala mouza is a common name for green-skinned banana fruit. Banana is the name of Africa origin through it is used in many countries. Plantains, vazhai, Kela, kadali, Baale, Aarti are the different names in India.
There is no doubt that Banana is one of the fast food plants cultivated by prehistoric man. The wild plantain perhaps grew first somewhere along the eastern side of the Indian subcontinent. Now it is a familiar plant in all the tropics.
As it needs a warm humid rainy climate and deep, rich, moist soil with much organic manure, the banana is strictly a tropical crop. The plantain gained a Prestige value and popularity in western countries in the 19th Century because of its exotic flavor and shape.
The plant is a gigantic herb which springs from the underground stems or rhizome. The trunk going to more than 10 feet is the sheathed gathering of leaves, while broad branching leaves from a rosette at the top. The flower spike rises from the middle and hangs down with the heavy maturing bunches of fruit.
After a single flowering, the mother plant is cut. Fresh hoots rise from the rhizome and the orchard can continue for generation at the same spot. Flowering to full maturity of fruits takes about 10 to 16 months. The banana yields a higher amount of edible matter per units of length than any other food crops; because of this in many tropical countries it has become the staple food of the people. However a diet with banana as the staple and very little of other protein foods can cause protein deficiency. This kind of malnutrition has been common in some African countries. In India most of us take cereals as a staple. These usually provide some amount of protein also in addition to calories.
Almost every part of the banana tree is useful. The fruits both raw and ripe, the flower, inner core or the stem cell are edible. The broad leaves are traditionally used as a platter for eating and packing. In some place, plantain orchards are cultivated mainly for the leaves.
The banana has a typical shape though it varies in size from very large giant varieties to the finger-like hill banana. Colors range over a wide spectrum: different shades of green, light to deep yellow, orange reds, spotted and brown.
Total area under banana cultivation in India is about 2,70,000 hectares. Yield, on an average, is 45,000 kgs, per hectare. In 1979, about 4.5 million tons of fruits were produced in India.
Though all bananas have a typical flavor, taste different widely from variety to variety; nearly 100 types are grown in South India alone. Of these, about a dozen are of commercial importance. Apart from India, most Caribbean countries, tropical South America, South East Asia and Formosa banana cultivators and exports. Jamaica was the first country to undertake banana cultivation on the large scale for the world wild export. In terms of cash value and quantity of crop, this food is the most important in the world.
The Banana is a most valued food item. Ancient Chinese and Vedic writings ascribe marvelous healing properties to the vegetable as well as fruit. Its energy content makes it a very advantage and filling staple though poorer in proteins as compared to cereals. Ripe banana can augment the diet of small children and convalescent with many beneficial effects. The fruit has about 20% sugar. Cooked or ripe bananas are very well designed and the nutrients are absorbed well.
Ripe banana also has 1.2-gram protein 78 microgram of carotene and 0.4 gram. It has 88 milligrams of potassium. A medium size Banana is about 8-100 gram.
Iron and potassium in the banana are wholly available. Experiments have shown that intake of Banana helps children to retain many mineral nutrients. The fruit is a fair source of vitamin B and Calcium. It contains appreciable amount of many trace mineral as well as fibre. Apart from this, the fruit has many important acids, enzymes, and physiological important chemical compounds. The banana develops a particular aroma on ripening because of the presence of a chemical compound called Amyl acetate.
Ripe plantains have a mild laxative property and fans are very useful in children’s dietaries, particularly as a remedy for constipation. At the same time, the fruit is helpful to combat diarrhea and dysentery, heals intestinal lesions etc.
Banana Health Benefits
Mashed plantain with milk and sugar can be excellent supplement for winning food for children. Plantains are used in the diet of children being treated for severe malnutrition. Green or raw banana are widely consumed as a vegetable and are also very nutritious; the tender stem and flower too are popular in many parts South India as a house all vegetable.
The green Banana is put to many uses. Fully mature, unripe fruits are made into curries and vegetable dishes. Sliced plantain fried in oil makes very tasty wafers. Both ripe raw bananas can be made into powder from wafers. This can be stored for quite some time.
Banana powder is very starchy and is used in blends with other cereal powder for various preparations. Field ripe fruit are cut into long pieces and ride in the sun to make banana figs. These are very popular as snacks for they can be stored for long period and could be blended with many sweetmeat preparations. Ripe bananas are used to make several confectionaries malted milk drinks and even alcoholic beverages.
Bananas are common ingredient in many salad dishes, ice creams and milk snakes. But the best way is to eat it strength after peeling. When ripe the fruit cannot be preserved for many days as it spoils easily. Sudden cooling also spoils the fruit and gives an off-flavor. That is why banana stored in the refrigerator does not keep well. Raw banana will not turn black; it cut with a stainless steel knife.
Banana fibre has many applications in the paper and textile industries. In Japan, heavy paper used for making house was known as Abaca is made from banana fibre.
So the next time you see the banana plant remember that it is very ancient useful food available to mankind.
Nutritive value of Banana:
Nutritive value per 100 gm
Energy (Kcal) – 116
Calcium (mg) – 17
Phosphorus (mg) – 36
Iron (mg) – 0.9
Vitamin C (mg) – 7
Energy (Kcal) – 34
Calcium (mg) – 32
Phosphorus (mg) – 42
Iron (mg) – 1.6
Vitamin C (mg) – 16
Energy (Kcal) – 64
Calcium (mg) -10
Phosphorus (mg) – 29
Iron (mg) – 0.6
Vitamin C (mg) – 24
Stem of Plantain
Energy (Kcal) – 42
Calcium (mg) – 10
Phosphorus (mg) – 10
Iron (mg) – 1.1
Vitamin C (mg) – 7